مرکزی صفحہ Biblical Theology Bulletin: A Journal of Bible and Culture (Biblical Theology... Book Review: Precision. By Denny Burk. Sheffield, UK: Sheffield Phoenix Press, 2006. Pp. ix + 179....
Biblical Theology Bulletin: A Journal of Bible and Culture (Biblical Theology Bulletin: A Journal of Bible and Theology) 2008 / 08 Vol. 38; Iss. 3
مسئلے کے بارے میں بتائیےThis book has a different problem? Report it to us
Check Yes if Check Yes if Check Yes if Check Yes if
you were able to open the file
the file contains a book (comics are also acceptable)
the content of the book is acceptable
Title, Author and Language of the file match the book description. Ignore other fields as they are secondary!
Check No if Check No if Check No if Check No if
- the file is damaged
- the file is DRM protected
- the file is not a book (e.g. executable, xls, html, xml)
- the file is an article
- the file is a book excerpt
- the file is a magazine
- the file is a test blank
- the file is a spam
you believe the content of the book is unacceptable and should be blocked
Title, Author or Language of the file do not match the book description. Ignore other fields.
Change your answer
BIBL IC A L T HEOLO GY BUL L ET IN • VOLUME 3 8 tailed discussion of the evidence can be offered for others. . . . The scholarship is ultimately something each reader must judge; however the commentary has already had approval from several biblical scholars and university libraries, and it has been subject to peer review. . . . This commentary aims to present the text and, through presentation of its historical background in monarchic Israel . . . and discussion of its linguistic and literary features, to allow the reader to understand it better. As far as practical issues are concerned the screen is divided into four parts, giving—next to the index—an extremely literal translation of the Hebrew in which almost every word is tagged, verse by verse commentary as well as some basic philological notes on the Hebrew. There is also a function to enable the user to listen to the Hebrew. Furthermore the Hebrew text can be displayed and is linked to the commentary section. The commentary section is divided into four subgroups: (1) Form, (2) Function, (3) Language, and (4) Imagery. Again, the reader finds numerous links to archaeological and geographical items as well as to theological concepts and other reference texts from the Hebrew Bible. Here in the commentary section one finds some attempts at historical-critical scholarship on Amos. There is a very brief discussion of the book as part of the “Book of the Twelve,” but one rarely finds attempts to tackle the long and complicated literary history of Amos. The user of the CD gets the impression that all nine chapters are written by the 8th century prophet and in passages where a more critical approach would have been welcomed (such as Amos 9) Bulkeley resorts to simply paraphrasing the text. However, these concerns are probably not the ones of the users whom Bulkeley had in mind for his commentary. There is certainly a wealth of information to be found on this CD, but the present reviewer remains sceptical whether a disc can really be an adequate substitute for; some standard books such as a Hebrew Bible, a lexicon, and a concordance. Also in his goal not to offer a chosen path of interpretation for the user, Bulkeley runs the risk of losing his user/reader altogether. Sometimes it would have been helpful to know what Bulkeley actually thinks about the text, since I seriously doubt that the intended user without formal training is able to judge the scholarship adequately. All these quibbles aside, amongst the commentaries available for a general theological readership this is clearly one of the better ones. Anselm C. Hagedorn Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin Berlin, Germany Precision. By Denny Burk. Sheffield, UK: Sheffield Phoenix Press, 2006. Pp. ix + 179. Cloth, $55.00. The main thesis of this book is quite straightforward: the article of the articular infinitive construction of the New Testament is a function word rather than a content word. That is, in this construction the article is a word that has no real lexical meaning, but its function is merely to express grammatical relationships. In this case, it does not definitize or substantivize the infinitive, nor can it be interpreted anaphorically, but it serves to clarify the infinitive’s syntactical relations by signaling its function. The book is arranged as follows: Chapter 1 provides a history of research, sets out Burk’s hypothesis, and also argues that since the article is a function word, it does not definitize or substantivize the infinitive, nor can it be interpreted anaphorically. Chapter 2 argues that the article is a determiner, though lacking any semantic value and serving merely as a function word. Chapters 3 and 4 chart the articular infinitives not following and following prepositions, respectively, and chapter 5 examines the use of the articular infinitive in the Septuagint. Chapter 6 presents Burk’s conclusions and implications. This is followed by an appendix of “Tables of Anarthrous and Articular Infinitive Usage,” a bibliography, and indices. I find Burk’s thesis uncontroversial, even bordering on banal, though it is perhaps novel to students of New Testament Greek since Burk manages to collect a range of opinions about the construction from scholars in this field. At the very least, then, the book will serve as a firm warning against over-interpreting the role of the article in the articular infinitive construction. Thesis aside, there are serious problems with argumentation and presentation throughout this book. Space allows me to address the following three. First, Burk’s lack of engagement with Koine studies outside of the New Testament is problematic; he appears unfamiliar with the view that the simple construction in question became a frequent method for expressing the gerund in this period (see, e.g., Geoffrey Horrocks’s Greek: A History of the Language and its Speakers [London/New York: Longman, 1997], 46–47). While it is true that the article does not as a rule definitize or substantivize the infinitive, from a historic and synchronic viewpoint the repeated claim (e.g., 56ff., 72–74, 79–82, etc.) that the article came to be used because it was frequently necessary in order to prevent ambiguity or confusion is unpersuasive. Word order, context (mostly ignored by Burk), and the improbability of alternative interpretations are usually enough to prevent such misreadings. Second, there is a linguistic discon- 141 Downloaded from btb.sagepub.com at SIMON FRASER LIBRARY on June 8, 2015 Book Reviews nect. On the one hand, Burk paints an exaggerated picture of the dire straits New Testament studies is in because scholars everywhere supposedly rely on “prescientific” linguistic analysis. On the other hand, this book is touted as a cutting-edge application of modern linguistics. But anyone who is familiar with current treatments of syntax or semantics will know they look nothing like this book. To mention just the most salient example: the notion of “function word” is not exactly cutting edge, traceable as it is to at least Henry Sweet’s A New English Grammar (1891). The reader cannot fail to see the irony in Burk’s list of seven criteria of traditional grammar (2, with n. 4), all of which clearly describe what happens in his own book! Finally, it must be said that this short, repetitious book perhaps should have been judiciously pruned and published instead as a useful article in a respectable journal. Most certainly it should have been better proof-read. Every few pages will elicit some ejaculation of disbelief from a careful reader, whether it be over issues of argumentation (of the aforementioned type) or over matters like botched German translation (6, n. 20; 52, n. 22, 68; including the grievous mistranslations of Gebrauchsumfang (not Gebruachsumfang, 68) “range of use” as “original/earliest meaning” [confusing -umfang and -anfang]) or French (8, nom is here ‘noun’ not ‘name’), the miserable misrepresentation of Smyth’s Greek Grammar and misreading of Plato (7, n. 25), the astounding claim that the spoken and written Koine were basically identical (17), the use of the outdated term “Indo-Germanic” for “Indo-European” (68), and a veritable litany of lapsus calami that it would be perverse to repeat here. The failures of this book are heuristic: if the insights of current linguistic theo- ry are to be applied to New Testament Greek, the task will have to be performed by those who are trained in linguistics at least as well as they are trained in New Testament studies. Shane Hawkins Carleton University Ottawa, Ontario K1S 5B6 The Way According to Luke: Hearing the Whole Story of Luke–Acts. By Paul Borgman. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans, 2006. Pp. xii + 404. Paper, $21.00. The implication of the aural reception of texts remains a largely under-explored frontier in NT research. Paul Borgman’s The Way According to Luke promises to make exciting inroads into this area. Borgman claims the genius—and meaning—of Luke–Acts is missed for two reasons: (1) we read the texts separately and (2) we read the texts rather than hear the texts. The preface suggests that the author will “replicate this experience [of hearing the story as a unified whole] by focusing on the dominant patterns of repetition that inform the story’s theme, character, and action” (xi). Borgman’s treatment is a combination of narrative and structural criticism. The book is in four sections: (1) The Way: Narrative Preparations: Luke 1:1–9:50; (2) The Way: Principles Taught: Luke 9:51–19:44; (3) The Way Demonstrated: Luke 19:45–24:53; and (4) The Way Spreads: Acts. The conclusion of his study can be summarized as follows: The way of God is the way of shalom-peace followed by those who hear and do the word of God. Hearing-and-doing is expressed through daily repentance marked by a turn from self-aggrandizement and clan loyalty toward love of the other. This repentance is salvation and is expressed both in the life of individuals and in redeemed 142 Downloaded from btb.sagepub.com at SIMON FRASER LIBRARY on June 8, 2015 Israel who, in hearing and doing the word, fulfill the ancient Abrahamic covenant and function as “light to the nations.” Borgman, an English professor, comes to the field of New Testament studies as a bit of an outsider, enabling him at times to move in fresh directions. The strength of his study in his ability to identify and follow meta-themes in Luke–Acts. While his reliance upon an unwieldy chiasmus (17 parallel pericopes!) to determine the kerygmatic center of Luke’s Gospel leaves one wondering how hearers of the word could have discerned such a complex center, his concept of “code-words” and “signal words” in Acts counters the occasional claim that Acts abandons the figure and teaching of Jesus developed in the Gospel. Contrarily, Borgman suggests these “signal words” (“repentance,” “resurrection,” “kingdom of God,” and “Holy Spirit”) activate the range of meaning developed in Luke’s Gospel, creating an intricate interdependence between Luke’s two volumes. This is a valuable contribution. The text is weakened by several factors. First, Borgman makes little reference to the Greek text, a puzzling factor given his emphasis on hearing the story. Second, Borgman’s treatment of Jesus’ role in Luke–Acts is somewhat thin. Jesus is the last in a long line of prophetic “word-bearers,” and is thus primarily a righteous teacher. This overlooks several aspects of Jesus’ role in Luke–Acts, most notably the Ascension, which is significant for Borgman only because it means that “the responsibility for bringing Israel into fulfillment of its covenant now rests with the twelve disciples, empowered by the Spirit” (257). Jesus’ apparent post-ascension co-regency with God is not noted. Third, Borgman is adamant that there are no hints of substitutionary atonement in Luke–Acts. Jesus dies because of, not on behalf of, the sins of the world. To man-