مرکزی صفحہ Biblical Theology Bulletin: A Journal of Bible and Culture (Biblical Theology... Book Review: RELIGION, POLITICS, MEDIA IN THE BROADBAND ERA. By Alice Bach. The Bible in the Modern...
Biblical Theology Bulletin: A Journal of Bible and Culture (Biblical Theology Bulletin: A Journal of Bible and Theology) 2006 / 11 Vol. 36; Iss. 4
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B I B L I C A L T H E O LO GY B U L L E T I N • VO LU M E 3 6 Sheffield Phoenix Press, 2005. This book begins with David’s first named appearance in 1 Samuel 16 and ends with 1 Kings 2, the chapter in which he dies. It does not cover everything in between but does explore closely several pivotal incidents and characters involved in David’s life. It will be helpful for anyone studying or teaching in this area; throughout his work Bodner offers a good sampling of scholarly thought on the text, providing extensive quotations and a lengthy bibliography. He makes use of literary critic Mikhail Bakhtin’s concept of pseudo-objective motivation, Pamela Reis’ analysis of 1 Samuel 21, and J. L. Austin’s speech-act theory of language in addition to doing a good bit of constructive textual criticism. Bodner adds humor to the mix (his chapter on Abner’s murder in 2 Samuel 3, in which Abner angrily asks if he is “a dog’s head in Judah,” has sections entitled “The Unleashing of Abner in the House of Saul,” ”Who Let the Dog Out,” and “Reservoir Dogs”). Bodner’s first topic is David’s oldest brother Eliab, who appears in two scenes and has one speech. He may not seem worth the fourteen pages Bodner spends, but by the time he’s through you’ll believe that this apparently minor character serves a major function: before the fight with Goliath, Eliab tells his little brother “I know your presumption and the evil of your heart” (1 Sam 17:), the first time David’s intentions and the nature of his heart--crucial throughout the entire book of Samuel—are questioned. We are given a similarly detailed analysis of 1 Samuel 21-2 concerning the interactions among David, Ahitophel, Doeg the Edomite, and Saul. It is Bodner’s contention (following Reis) that Ahitophel is one of David’s many allies and that he chooses to save David rather than himself. The complications surrounding Abner’s murder have always been my favorite part of 2 Samuel and Bodner offers a careful analysis of the text, including the politics in Israel and Judah, Joab’s; negative assessment of his king’s understanding of Abner’s threat and his probable multiple motives in the killing, and David’s complicated public mourning for a man he never cared for. I found his chapter on Nathan particularly interesting. Bodner analyzes the three scenes in which Nathan appears (2 Samuel 7 and 12; 1 Kings 1) and presents him as a careful speaker who knows how to create a fiction that will elicit the desired response Bodner sees this in the story of the lamb in 2 Samuel 12 and of David’s “oath to Bathsheba” in 1 Kings. Four chapters are given to analyses of 2 Samuel 11: the first looks at the ambiguity in (and textual variants of) its first verse, the second deals with the 4QSam identification in 11:3 of Uriah as “the armor-bearer of Joab,” the third presents Joab as a reader-response critic changing David’s orders about how to kill Uriah in order to make them more practical, and the fourth looks at the different presentations of Joab’s messenger to David in MT and LXX. (There is also a chapter on Ahitophel’s reaction to what happens here.) These chapters are all interesting, particularly the third one dealing with Joab’s relationship with David, but I was disappointed that in 46 pages of text dealing with 2 Samuel 11 he did not deal with Bathsheba’s experience: was this an affair? Was it rape? He asks on p. 87 if she were “in any degree complicit in the matter” but does not follow that up. He does later illuminatingly compare her role in 1 Kings 1 to Rebekah’s in Genesis 25 and provides a helpful analysis of her part (along with others) in the oaths—genuine or not—in 1 Kings 1-2, but the controversial way in which she became part of David’s household is not a topic. This book offers several different approaches to the texts in question and resolves the complicated issues of textual variants, complex characters, and the nature of the narrative itself in interesting and helpful ways. Carol Stuart Grizzard Pikeville College Pikeville, KY 41501 Religion, Politics, Media in the Broadband Era. By Alice Bach. The Bible in the Modern World. Edited by J. Cheryl Exum. Sheffield, UK: Sheffield Phoenix Press, 2004. Bach is a biblical scholar interested in women’s studies, politics, and most other things. Since there isn’t much that doesn’t involve religion, politics, or the media, this well-documented book covers everything from the TV kiddie show Veggie Tales to American First Ladies to the handling of 9/11 in the USA to the recent Bernal debate in Classical Studies (the section that seemed least integrated into the work). She is interested in interdisciplinary studies, as this book makes clear; the issues she discusses are well presented and, as she says, connected by “strong interactivity between subject and audience” (p. 4). While the variety of subjects she discusses can lead to some confusion, she does offer great food for thought. On her first page Bach says “Popular religion is expressed within our culture in rock videos, televangelism, political rhetoric, children’s books . . . . The tightly woven pattern of religion, politics, and media has been part of the American fabric since 193 Downloaded from btb.sagepub.com at SIMON FRASER LIBRARY on March 17, 2015 Book Book Reviews the country was founded” (p. 1). In Chapter 5 (“Buying God: American Myths and Mainstream Media”) she explores the “Christian messianic franchise” that has at times influenced American policy (citing John Winthrop, William McKinley, and Robert Lowell on pp. 68-70), making a case that the expression of religion in public policy and media is not new. Whether she it talking about “Mel Gibson and his gang of soggy cinematographers” (p. 9) or George W. Bush (“Perhaps none has been so noisily pious as our current President, George Bush 43, who has cast himself as the American action figure of Moses,” p. 71), Bach is not a woman who is afraid to make her opinions known. Her analysis of the Bush family and President George W. Bush’s policies, particularly post-9/11, are not favorable. Those who disagree with her analysis (and I am not among them) should be warned. Chapter Three (“Cracking the Production Code: Watching Religionists Read Films”) discusses movies dealing with Christianity, including Greatest Story Ever Told; Life of Brian; The Gospel According to St. Matthew, Brother Sun, Sister Moon; Dogma; Last Temptation of Christ; and The Gospel of John. I teach a course in religion in film and found this section interesting and helpful. She does not discuss the movie Passion of the Christ, but she does deal with its marketing on pp. 63-5. Two of the strongest chapters are Six and Seven. Six (“And God Created Woman: Marketing Women from Proverbs to First Ladies”) deals with images of the ideal woman in the Bible, Chaucer, American advertising, and modern politics (she discusses Hilary Clinton, Teresa Heinz Kerry, Laura Bush, and Condoleezza Rice). It would be of help to any- one who is working or teaching in the area of Women’s Studies. Chapter 7 (“You do not See Me: Resistance from Rizpah to Women in Black”) builds on the story of Rizpah’s vigil over her beloved dead in 2 Samuel 21:10-14 to discuss rape in the Bible (both the heterosexual rapes that do happen and the homosexual ones that do not) and modern women who, like Rizpah, bear witness to the abuses borne by the innocent in their countries (Palestinian women in the Occupied Territories, the American Rachel Corrie who died in Rafah, and Elizabeth McAlister of Jonah House in the USA). Bach offers an interesting, somewhat idiosyncratic treatment of issues with which the USA is becoming increasingly concerned and divided over: the interrelationship between religion and politics. It will intrigue you, enrage you, make you laugh, and probably make you rush out to buy more books and rent more movies. Not bad for 159 pages of text! Carol Stuart Grizzard Pikeville College Pikeville, KY 41501 • Books Received Anderson, Cheryl B. Women, Ideology, and Violence: Critical Theory and the Construction of Gender in the Book of the Covenant and the Deuteronomic Law. London, UK: T & T Clark International, 2004. Pp. 192. Paper, $39.95. Bailey, Wilma Ann. “You Shall Not Kill” or “You Shall Not Murder”: The Assault on a Biblical Text. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 2005. Pp. ix + 94. Paper, 194 Downloaded from btb.sagepub.com at SIMON FRASER LIBRARY on March 17, 2015 $10.95. Boase, Elizabeth. The Fulfillment of Doom?: The Dialogic Interaction Between the Book of Lamentations and the Pre-exilic/ Early Exilic Prophetic Literature. New York, NY: T&T Clark, 2006. Pp. 280. Cloth, $145.00. Borgman, Paul. The Way According to Luke: Hearing the Whole Story of Luke–Acts. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans, 2006. Pp. xii + 404. Paper, $21.00. Boxall, Ian. The Revelation of Saint John. Blacks New Testament Commentary. Peabody MA: Hendrickson; London: Continuum, 2006. Pp. xvi + 347. Cloth, $29.95. Bredin, Mark. Jesus, Revolutionary of Peace: A Nonviolent Christology in the Book of Revelation. Milton Keynes, UK: Paternoster, 2003. PP. xviii + 262. Paper, $25.36. Brenner, Athalya. I Am . . .: Biblical Women Tell Their Own Stories. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2005. Pp. xviii + 228. Paper, $16.00. Brueggemann, Walter. The Word That Redescribes the World: The Bible and Discipleship. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2006. Pp. xviii + 237. Cloth, $35.00. Bulkeley, Tim. Amos. Hypertext Bible Commentary. Auckland, NZ: Hypertext Bible, 2005. CDRom, $25.00. Carter, Warren. The Roman Empire and the New Testament: An Essential Guide. Nashville,TN: Abingdon, 2006. Pp. ix + 148. Paper, $16.00. Carter, Warren. John: Storyteller, Interpreter, Evangelist. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 2006. Pp. xvi + 264. Paper, $19.95.