مرکزی صفحہ The Expository Times Book Review: 2 Chronicles: John Jarick, 2 Chronicles, 2nd edn (Sheffield: Sheffield Phoenix Press,...
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the expository times 102 balanced, clear and concise. The one frustration is due to the decision taken for the whole series that the Greek is transliterated. The transliteration is a hindrance to those who read Greek, probably of no benefit to those who do not, and now has no typesetting advantages (compared to when the series was first devised). This is of course not a problem of Fitzmyer’s own making. Discussing text critical issues such as the reading of mystery (musth,rion) or testimony (martu,rion) provides a clear summary of the witnesses and the basis for preferring the form in his notes section (p. 171). Similarly the textually (not to say theologically) problematic 1 Corinthians 14:34–35 is discussed in a way that presents a summary of the textual evidence, but because more is at stake in this passage for modern readers Fitzmyer devotes more attention to the issues it raises. The exegetically opaque statement ‘because of the angels’ (1 Cor 11:10) receives a full discussion with seven interpretative options discussed. While this is not as lengthy as Thiselton’s treatment, the issues at stake are fully elucidated. Fitzmyer has combined depth and usability in his single-volume treatment of First Corinthians. It is easy to envisage this being the volume that the non-specialist in this epistle chooses. All the major critical issues are discussed and the exegesis is sure-footed at all points. Admittedly, there is little that is new here. Rather the strength of the volume is the skill with which it brings together the best of scholarly perspectives on what is perhaps one of Paul’s most lively pieces of correspondence. PAUL FOSTER School of Divinity, University of Edinburgh was done by a group, not an individual. Jarick admits that The Annalists may have copied certain matters from the scrolls of Samuel and Kings (indeed!) or that the Samuel-Kings scribes made some use of these Annals (not so!). He makes no attempt to fix a precise date for this work, other than that it is no earlier than the Persian pe; riod. He uses the name Yahweh instead of LORD, but refers to god in lower case. The commentary is primarily based on the New Revised Standard Version, with occasional references to differences in the Hebrew text. Jarick believes The Annalists have created a fantasy literature, in which things happen just so and that this work was meant to replace any other story of the house of David. He sums up the thesis of Chronicles as follows: ‘Only absolute commitment to a system instituted by an absolute monarch can bring about a perfect society.’ He finds considerable artistry in their telling of the story, but refers to its supposed thesis as its ‘dark underbelly’. Current readers, he believes, will bring to a reading of the text notions from a real world that has experienced the horrors of totalitarianism and fundamentalism. Are those ‘isms’ really apt comparisons to the ideology of The Annalists? Little attention is paid to a more primary concern in the study of Chronicles: the work finds its meaning in loyalty to the temple in Jerusalem and its rites but trades this for acceptance of the hegemony of the Persian empire. This may have been the only realistic option, but it is a dubious position in our post-colonial times. Ralph W. Klein Lutheran School of Theology, Chicago 2 CHRONICLES 1 CHRONICLES John Jarick, 1 Chronicles, 2nd edn (Sheffield: Sheffield Phoenix Press, 2007. £15.00. pp. viii + 182. ISBN 978–1–905048–89–2). Jarick’s brief commentary is part of a series, Readings: A New Biblical Commentary, of which he is also the General Editor. The first edition was published by Sheffield Academic Press in 2002 and seems to be the same as this reprint, except for the pagination. Jarick refers to the authors as The Annalists and their work as The Annals. He reads the final form of the text, and argues that the writing of this work John Jarick, 2 Chronicles, 2nd edn (Sheffield: Sheffield Phoenix Press, 2007. £15.00. pp. viii + 208. ISBN 978–1–905048–97–7). Jarick’s commentary on 2 Chronicles continues his reading of the final form of the text, which he believes was written by a group of authors he calls The Annalists. Nearly a quarter of the text is taken up by two excursuses: ‘A Survey of Solomon’s Temple’ and ‘A Survey of Judah’s Kings’. The first survey accepts the reading of the Masoretic Text that the height of the vestibule was one hundred twenty cubits (usually dismissed as a textual error) and emphasizes that Downloaded from ext.sagepub.com at UNIV WASHINGTON LIBRARIES on March 16, 2015 the expository times the work was accomplished by non-Israelite slave labour. In the second survey Jarick claims that the account of the kings is marked with a playfulness with the names of each of these kings. Scholars have long noticed the play on the name Solomon as a man of peace in 1 Chronicles 22:7–9, and have suspected that the judicial reform of Jehoshaphat (not recorded in Kings) has something to do with the etymology of his name. A few have found irony in Asa’s resort to physicians when the etymology of his name – in Aramaic – means something like healer. Jarick recognizes that the names of the kings are theophoric and that Jehoshaphat means ‘Yahweh judges’ and Jehoram ‘Yahweh is exalted’, but his chapter headings turn these into epithets such as Abijah the fatherly, Ahaziah the seized, and Josiah 103 the strong. Neither in antiquity nor today is the verbal root in the names Joash and Josiah clear, but Jarick decides on an etymology of ‘heal,’ which then plays a major role in his interpretation. It is not at all clear that The Annalists understood the kings’ names in this way. Rehoboam the enlarger (in his etymology) lost ten of the ten tribes, but did his own expanding by siring sixty-eight children. Manasseh the forgetful supposedly forgot about the piety of his father Hezekiah, but then remembered the god of his fathers. The verb remembered is not used of Manasseh in the Hebrew text. The playfulness with the kings’ names is what most readers will take away from this commentary and in almost all cases it is unconvincing. Ralph W. Klein Lutheran School of Theology, Chicago Index of Books Reviewed Author Title Reviewer Page Barclay, J. M. G. & Divine and Human Agency in Paul and His Cultural Gathercole, S. (eds) Environment Tomas Bokedal 92 Barstad, H. M. History and the Hebrew Bible: Studies in Ancient Israelite and Ancient Near Eastern Historiography H. G. M. Williamson 92 Bauckham, R. The Testimony of the Beloved Disciple: Narrative, History, and Theology in the Gospel of John Chris Keith 87 Bock, D. L. Acts Paul Foster 97 Boda, M. J., Falk, D. K. & Weline, R. A. Seeking the Favor of God Timothy H. Lim 99 Borschel, A. Preaching Prophetically When the News Disturbs: Interpreting the Media Michael D. Royster 99 Cunneen, J. Robert Bresson: A Spiritual Style in Film Jolyon Mitchell 78 Eichhorn, A. The Lord’s Supper in the New Testament David J. Bryan 100 Fitzmyer, J. A. First Corinthians Paul Foster 101 Flusser, D. Judaism of the Second Temple Period Timothy H. Lim 100 Christianity in India: From Beginnings to the Present Dan O’Connor 74 Frykenberg, R. E. Hahn, S. Reasons to Believe Nigel Zimmermann 65 Houston, W. J. Contending for Justice David Firth 93 Jackson, B. S. Essays on Halakhah in the New Testament Petri Luomanen 93 Jarick, J. 1 Chronicles Ralph W. Klein 102 Jarick, J. 2 Chronicles Ralph W. Klein 102 Joslin, B. C. Hebrews, Christ and the Law: The Theology of the Mosaic Law in Hebrews 7:1 – 10:18 Paul Ellingworth 94 Kee, A. The Rise & Demise of Black Theology Lisa Isherwood 59 Lash, N. Theology for Pilgrims Jason Wardley 95 Oort, J. van (ed.) Gnostica, Judaica, Catholica. Collected Essays of Gilles Quispel Paul Foster 84 Parsons, M. C. Acts Paul Foster 96 Pink Dandelion, M. The Quakers: A Very Short Introduction Joshua A. Kaiser 97 Plant, S. The SPCK Introduction to Simone Weil Matthew Arbo 94 Puskas, C. B. & Crump, D An Introduction to the Gospels and Acts Branson D. Crowe 98 Rubin, M. & Christianity in Western Europe c. 1100 – c. 1500; Simons, W. (eds.) The Cambridge History of Christianity, vol. 4 Paul Foster 95 Toom, T. Classical Trinitarian Theology: A Textbook Mark D. Chapman 96 Downloaded from ext.sagepub.com at UNIV WASHINGTON LIBRARIES on March 16, 2015